Lei Chen*, Chen Chu, Yu-Hang Zhang, Mingyue Zheng, LiuCun Zhu, XiangYin Kong and Tao Huang* Pages 526 - 534 ( 9 )
Background: One drug can affect the activity of another when they are administered together, which can cause adverse drug reactions or sometimes improve therapeutic effects. Therefore, correct identification of drug-drug interactions (DDIs) can help medical workers use various drugs effectively, avoiding adverse effects and improving therapeutic effects.
Methods: This study proposed a novel prediction model to identify DDIs. A new metric was constructed to evaluate the similarity of two pairs of drugs using chemical interaction information retrieved from STITCH. Validated DDIs retrieved from DrugBank were employed, from which we constructed all possible pairs of drugs that were deemed as negative samples. The whole dataset was divided into one training dataset and one test dataset. To address the imbalanced data, a complicated dataset compilation strategy was adopted to construct nine training datasets from the original training dataset, reducing the ratio of positive samples and negative samples. Nine predictors based on the nearest neighbor algorithm were built based on these training datasets. The proposed model integrated the above nine predictors by majority voting and its performance was evaluated on the test dataset.
Results: The predicted results indicate that the method is quite effective for identification of DDIs. Finally, we also discussed the ability of the method for identifying novel DDIs by investigating the likelihood of some negative samples in the test dataset that were predicted as DDIs being novel DDIs.
Conclusion: The proposed method has a good ability for identification of potential DDIs.
Drug-drug interaction, chemical interaction, chemical structure similarity, nearest neighbor algorithm, majority voting, imbalanced dataset.
College of Information Engineering, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai 201306, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, Institute of Health Sciences, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, Drug Discovery and Design Center, State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201203, College of Life Science, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, Institute of Health Sciences, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, Institute of Health Sciences, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031