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Tuberculosis and HIV Coinfection–the Challenge in the Prevention, Detection and Treatment of Tuberculosis

[ Vol. 14 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Yiyi Wang, Qi Wu, Wei Zhang and Ning Zhang*   Pages 91 - 99 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is still a major public health concern world-wide. The increasing global burden of TB is linked to HIV infection. HIV-TB coinfection has also conditioned clinical aspects of the TB. Since the HIV is beginning in the 1980s, the HIV infection poses a significant challenge in global TB control.

Objective: In this review we focused on the challenges of epidemiological and clinical feature of tuberculosis presented by the HIV coinfection.

Method: The article consists of a summary of the most important effects presented by the HIV coinfection on epidemiological and clinical feature of tuberculosis. The article analyzes and summary the causes for these challenges.

Results: The major challenges to strategy of TB control and clinical feature of TB-HIV coinfection are presented in this paper.

Conclusion: HIV/TB co-infection is synergic, interactive and reciprocal with significant impact. The infection of HIV and Mtb affect each other and the breakdown the immune function in TB/HIV coinfected individual. HIV infection has changed the strategy of TB control, however HIV increases global burden of TB, the reduction in the TB incidence rate is far from sufficient. Atypically clinical manifestations in TB/HIV co-infected patients and increased MDR-TB and XDR-TB contribute to the challenges in the diagnosis and treatment. Increased complexity of managing patients requires expertise in the clinical m knowledge. The focused efforts to control HIV-related TB are of great urgency. These findings will provide insight into the prevention, detection and treatment of tuberculosis and will guide advances towards tuberculosis control.

Keywords:

Tuberculosis, HIV, AIDS, co-infection, treatment, DOTs.

Affiliation:

TCM Key Research Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention for State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, TCM Key Research Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention for State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Clinical and Research Center of Infectious Diseases Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University, 100015, Peiking, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Tianjin Key Lab of Biomedical Engineering Measurement, Tianjin University, Tianjin

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