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A Review: Computational Approaches to Design sgRNA of CRISPR-Cas9

Author(s):

Mohsin Ali Nasir, Samia Nawaz and Jian Huang*   Pages 1 - 17 ( 17 )

Abstract:


Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats along with CRISPR-associated protein mechanisms preserve the memory of previous experiences with DNA invaders, in particular spacers that are embedded in CRISPR arrays between coordinate repeats. There has been a fast progression in the comprehension of this immune system and its implementations; however, there are numerous points of view that anticipate explanations to make the field an energetic research zone. The efficiency of CRISPR-Cas depends upon well-considered single guide RNA; for this purpose, many bioinformatics methods and tools are created to support the design of greatly active and precise single guide RNA. Insilico single guide RNA architecture is a crucial point for effective gene editing by means of the CRISPR technique. Persistent attempts have been made to improve in-silico single guide RNA formulation having great on-target effectiveness and decreased off-target effects. This review offers a summary of the CRISPR computational tools to help different researchers pick a specific tool for their work according to pros and cons, along with new thoughts to make new computational tools to overcome all existing limitations.

Keywords:

CRISPR-Cas9, sgRNA, computational tools, off-target effects, on-target, protein.

Affiliation:

Center for Informational Biology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, No. 2006, Xiyuan Ave, West Hi-Tech Zone, Chengdu 611731, Center for Informational Biology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, No. 2006, Xiyuan Ave, West Hi-Tech Zone, Chengdu 611731, Center for Informational Biology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, No. 2006, Xiyuan Ave, West Hi-Tech Zone, Chengdu 611731



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