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Identification of Key Histone Modifications and Hub Genes for Colorectal Cancer Metastasis

Author(s):

Yuan-Yuan Zhai, Qian-Zhong Li*, Ying-Li Chen and Lu-Qiang Zhang   Pages 1 - 11 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Background: Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) and its reverse Mesenchymal- Epithelial Transition (MET) are essential for tumor cells metastasis. However, the effect of epigenetic modifications on this transition is unclear.

Objective: We aimed to explore the key histone modifications and hub genes of EMT/MET during Colorectal Cancer (CRC) metastasis.

Methods: The differentially expressed genes and differentially histone modified genes were identified. Based on the histone modification features, the up- and down-regulated genes were predicted by Random Forest algorithm. Through protein-protein interaction network and Cytoscape analysis, the hub genes with histone modification changes were selected. GO, KEGG and survival analyses were performed to confirm the importance of the hub genes.

Results: It was found that H3K79me3 plays an important role in EMT/MET. And the 200-300bp and 400-500bp downstream of TSS may be the key regulatory regions of H3K79me3. Moreover, we found that the expression of the hub genes was down-regulated in EMT and then up-regulated in MET. And the changes of the hub genes expression were consistent with the changes of H3K79me3 signal in the specific regions of the genome. Finally, the hub genes KRT8 and KRT18 were involved in the metastasis process and were significantly related to the survival time.

Conclusion: H3K79me3 may be crucial for EMT/MET, and the hub genes KRT8 and KRT18 may be the key genes in this process.

Keywords:

EMT, MET, random forest, H3K79me3, hub genes, colorectal cancer.

Affiliation:

Laboratory of Theoretical Biophysics, School of Physical Science and Technology, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021, Laboratory of Theoretical Biophysics, School of Physical Science and Technology, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021, Laboratory of Theoretical Biophysics, School of Physical Science and Technology, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021, Laboratory of Theoretical Biophysics, School of Physical Science and Technology, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021



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