Qingqi Zhu, Yongxian Fan* and Xiaoyong Pan Pages 371 - 384 ( 14 )
Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of endogenous non-coding RNAs with about 22 nucleotides, and they play a significant role in a variety of complex biological processes. Many researches have shown that miRNAs are closely related to human diseases. Although the biological experiments are reliable in identifying miRNA-disease associations, they are timeconsuming and costly.
Objective: Thus, computational methods are urgently needed to effectively predict miRNA-disease associations.
Methods: In this paper, we proposed a novel method, BIRWMDA, based on a bi-random walk model to predict miRNA-disease associations. Specifically, in BIRWMDA, the similarity network fusion algorithm is used to combine the multiple similarity matrices to obtain a miRNA-miRNA similarity matrix and a disease-disease similarity matrix, then the miRNA-disease associations were predicted by the bi-random walk model.
Results: To evaluate the performance of BIRWMDA, we ran the leave-one-out cross-validation and 5-fold cross-validation, and their corresponding AUCs were 0.9303 and 0.9223 ± 0.00067, respectively. To further demonstrate the effectiveness of the BIRWMDA, from the perspective of exploring disease-related miRNAs, we conducted three case studies of breast neoplasms, prostate neoplasms and gastric neoplasms, where 48, 50 and 50 out of the top 50 predicted miRNAs were confirmed by literature, respectively. From the perspective of exploring miRNA-related diseases, we conducted two case studies of hsa-mir-21 and hsa-mir-155, where 7 and 5 out of the top 10 predicted diseases were confirmed by literatures, respectively.
Conclusion: The fusion of multiple biological networks could effectively predict miRNA-diseases associations. We expected BIRWMDA to serve as a biological tool for mining potential miRNAdisease associations.
MiRNA, disease, miRNA-disease associations, similarity network fusion, bi-random walk, biological networks.
School of Computer Science and Information Security, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin, School of Computer Science and Information Security, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin, Institute of Image Processing and Recognition, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, and Key Laboratory of System Control and Information Processing, Ministry of Education of China, Shanghai